EI riskide koondamisele Muuga sadamasse
Käesoleva Petitsiooni algataja mure tuleneb Muuga sadamast ja selle laiendamise kavatsustest, mis on jõudnud tänaseks faasi, kus terminalide võrgustiku laiendamine ja ohtlike kaubagruppide mahtude suurendamine on jõuliselt päevakorras. Elukeskkonna ja elu säilitamise aspektid on kogu tegevuses üsna tagaplaanil.
allkirjade kogumine on lõppenud
06.06.2013 00:00 kuni 31.10.2013 23:59
Pildil kaart ohtlikest ettevõtetest ning nende mõjualadest Viimsi poolsaarel ja Tallinnas.
Say „No“ to the accumulation of risks in the Muuga Harbour
The initiator of this Petition is concerned about Muuga Harbour and its enlargement plans. These plans have now reached the phase in which there is strong interest in expanding the network of terminals and increasing the turnover of hazardous goods. The issues related to the protection of environment and life, however, are receiving only modest attention.
At the same time Muuga Harbour has the highest concentration of firms posing danger to the environment in Estonia. Within the influence zone of the Dry Bulk Terminal (DBT) are currently located circa 700 000 tons of highly explosive oil products. In case of major accident these products are capable of destroying the whole ecological structure in the Finnish Gulf region and having catastrophic results which could cross the border of Estonia.
The transportation and storage of hazardous nitrogen fertilizers should not be allowed in the close vicinity of densely populated areas. This is very important due to the risk of terrorist attacks considering the recently observed tendency which shows that terrorist activities have spread also to the northern European countries.
In the currently available risk studies performed by the Estonian Rescue Service it is estimated that the danger zone negatively affected by a possible fire and explosion in the Muuga Harbour territory may extend up to 5000 meters beyond its borders. In this area there are private houses, kindergartens (for example, Randvere kindergarten, Muuga kindergartens „Sipsik“, „Rõõm“ and „Rukkilill“) and schools (for example, Maardu High School).
There are currently three monitoring stations in the Muuga Harbour area - Muuga 1, Muuga 2 and Coal 2 which monitor and measure the density of microscopic particles (PM 2,5) per cubic meter per unit of time. These particles can be very harmful for the human body, as they can penetrate deeply into the lung tissues responsible for exchange of gases. Studies have shown that these tiny particles (PM 2,5) cause dysfunctionality of lungs and cardiovascular diseases. In the European Union fine dust is causing approximately 390 000 premature deaths per year. In addition, it is established that PM 2,5 particles also have carcinogenic effects. Yet the risk studies mentioned above do not reveal how large is the area negatively affected by harmful dust particles and gases.
Today it is not known how the Muuga Harbour influences the environment (i.e the Baltic Sea and the land surrounding the Harbour (including ground water and underground water) by its normal economic activity and in the case of emergency. It is not known if an accident can pollute the underground water used by local people or could it still be possible to swim or eat fish caught in the area.
The studies of noise in the eastern part of the Muuga Harbour have proved that noise affects negatively people living in the surrounding area beyond the borders of the harbour, but its actual area has not been mapped yet.
As a result there is a situation where significant enlargement plans of the Muuga harbour are being discussed, but its actual negative impacts which already exist are not known. Several experts have suggested that due to already high concentration of risks it is not right to expand business activities in the harbour further.
Hereby we wish that the development of the Muuga harbour should be based on the following principles which safeguard the protection of environment and sustainable development of the populated areas.
· When the list of traded goods is expanded priority should be given to non-chemical goods
· It is necessary to stop the concentration of firms with major accident risk in the harbour's territory in order to reduce the risk of their negative mutual impact or combined influence
· In the studies of environment conditions, in determining the zones of negative influence and in risk studies it is necessary to take into account also the possible pollution of underground water, and to ensure the protection naturally formed coastline and sea environment
· The amount of hazardous good groups should be frozen on the year 2012 level until all risk studies have been carried out which show how the land and the Baltic Sea can be influenced and how harmful dust particles and gases have spread in the area
· It is necessary to inform better local people about safety instructions and about the concept of civil protection through publications, seminars and emergency tests in order to increase their confidence about their life and health
Dear fellow citizen! Please sign the Petition to support the viewpoints presented therein and say „no“ to the accumulation of risks in the Muuga harbour!
Petitsiooni korraldab MTÜ Randvere Külaselts